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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 33-38

Influence of anatomical variation of canine in parasymphyseal fracture: A retrospective studyInfluence of anatomical variation of canine in parasymphyseal fracture: A retrospective study


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Vivekanandha Dental College for Women, Tiruchengode, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Dentistry, Aarupadaiveedu Medical College and Hospital, Kirumampakkam, Puducherry, India
4 Department of Periodontology, KSR Institute of Dental Science and Research, Tiruchengode, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
S. P. Indra Kumar
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Vivekanandha Dental College for Women, Tiruchengode
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jiadsr.jiadsr_6_17

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Aim: The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of anatomical variation of canine in parasymphysis fracture. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital analysing parasymphysis fracture over a period of 5 years from 2009 to 2014 and 103 parasymphysis fracture patients were evaluated. Only patients with parasymphysis fracture were taken into the study. Sex, age, incidence, site of fracture with reference to canine, canine length, and associated fractures are evaluated from the data available. The statistical analysis was constructed and analysis performed using Statistical Package of Social Studies. Result: The unilateral parasymphysis fracture is the most common site in mandibular fracture. The male patients are more in number. The road traffic accident is considered to be the most common etiological factor. The length of the canine root is approximately 17–18 mm with no pathological features, deformities, or hypercementosis, and none of our case were impacted, and the pattern of the fracture occurred either mesial or distal to canine and not exactly in the midline of the tooth; hence, it does not influence in parasymphysis fracture. Conclusion: Increased number of samples and a prospective analysis of the influence of canine during preliminary management of fracture will give a definitive idea on the anatomical variation and influence contributing to the fracture in parasymphysis region.


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