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  Citation statistics : Table of Contents
   2016| January-June  | Volume 3 | Issue 1  
    Online since October 18, 2016

 
 
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Effect of varying concentrations of home bleaching agents on hardness of a resin composite: An in vitro study
S Hari Baskar, M Jayakumar, S Kumar
January-June 2016, 3(1):1-5
DOI:10.4103/2229-3019.192467  
Aim: To evaluate the effect of 10%, 20% and 35% Carbamide Peroxide home bleaching agent on hardness of a microfilled resin composite. Materials and Methods: Forty specimens of micro filled resin composite(Z250, 3M ESPE) were prepared using moulds with dimensions of 4mm diameter x 2mm thickness and cured with a LED polymerization unit (LEDition - Ivoclar Vivadent). The specimens were polished with coarse, medium, fine and super fine polishing discs (Sof-lex, 3M ESPE) and were stored in distilled water at 37?C in an incubator for 24 hours. Specimens were then divided into four groups of 10 specimens each. One group was selected as the control group (not treated with bleaching agents) and was stored in artificial saliva for 7 days at 37?C. The other three groups were treated with 10%, 20% and 35% carbamide peroxide gels respectively (Opalesence PF 10%, Opalesence PF 20% and Opalesence PF 35%, Ultradent) as per the manufacturer’s instructions over a period of 7 days. The specimens were subjected to Shore Durometer for 15 seconds and checked for hardness. The results were analyzed using ANOVA and Post hoc Bonferroni tests. Results: There was no significant difference in the hardness of the specimens belonging to Group A, Group B or Group C when compared with the Control Group. Conclusion: It can be confirmed based on the results of this study that the hardness of the Micro filled Composite resin was not affected by10%, 20 % or 35% carbamide peroxide bleaching gels when used as per the manufacturer’s instructions. Restorations done using microfilled composite resins can be retained after bleaching procedures.
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CASE REPORTS
Intraradicular rehabilitation of fractured maxillary anterior teeth with an open apex: A case report
Harshank Lakhera, Vijay R Mantri, Aparna Palekar, Ambar W Raut
January-June 2016, 3(1):17-21
DOI:10.4103/2229-3019.192465  
Traumatic injuries in the oral and maxillofacial region occur frequently and comprise 5% of all injuries for which people seek treatment. The highest incidence of dental traumatic injuries is seen in the early childhood. Esthetics plays an important role on psychological perspective of an individual. The fracture of an anterior tooth in young individuals requires rehabilitation of the affected tooth. This article presents a clinical case of an 18-year-old patient with a structurally compromised, fractured maxillary central and lateral incisor with a short root and an open apex with relatively thin root dentinal walls, which was managed by apexification using Mineral trioxide aggregate, Intra-oral periaoical radiograph and root canal reinforcement or intraradicular rehabilitation done using light transmitting fiber post and flowable composite.
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Odontogenic keratocyst in anterior Mandible: An interesting case report
U Punitha Gnanaselvi, D Kamatchi, Keerthana Sekar, B Surya Narayanan
January-June 2016, 3(1):22-24
DOI:10.4103/2229-3019.192466  
Odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) is a common developmental odontogenic cyst affecting the maxillofacial region that arises from the dental lamina. The OKC is distinctive among jaw cysts given its tendency toward recurrence and aggressive clinical behavior. This article presents a case of OKC in the anterior mandible and a review of diagnostic aids and different treatment modalities.
  - 3,158 289
Residual radicular cyst in primary molar extraction socket: An unusual clinical entity
Savitha Satyaprasad, SH Krisnamoorthy, Ambili Ayilliath, Somesh Kishore
January-June 2016, 3(1):25-28
DOI:10.4103/2229-3019.192469  
Radicular cyst is a most common type of odontogenic cyst that develops mostly as sequel of untreated dental caries. It is classified as inflammatory type originated mostly from cell rests of Malassez. Radicular cyst arising from deciduous teeth is rare, accounting for just 0.3% to 5% of the total number. Residual kind of radicular cyst in deciduous teeth are still very sparse in literature. Most of the residual cysts are asymptomatic and are found only on routine radiographic examination. We are presenting an interesting and rare case of symptomatic residual radicular cyst of left primary first molar extraction socket with secondary infection in a 5-year-old child. Our aim is to emphasize on investigations, recognition, and treatment of such inflammatory residual radicular lesions associated with deciduous teeth, which has been an unreported clinical entity.
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Full-mouth rehabilitation of a patient with severely worn dentition for function and esthetics
Sunil Kumar Mishra, Srinivasa B Rao, Ramesh Chowdhary, PS Patil
January-June 2016, 3(1):29-32
DOI:10.4103/2229-3019.192470  
Management of patients with worn dentition is complex and difficult. The management of tooth wear, especially attrition, is becoming a subject of increasing interest in the prosthodontic literature. The specific objectives of this treatment were to restore the masticatory functions by prosthetic rehabilitation of missing teeth, and then treating the periodontally and endodontically involved teeth. This case report presents a 65-year-old woman who was referred for restoration of her worn and missing teeth. Full-mouth rehabilitation of the patient with severely worn dentition and an uneven occlusal plane was done and also the collapse bite was regained by raising the vertical dimension of occlusion by 2 mm within the limit of free-way space. In this case report, the vertical dimension was regain, missing teeth were replaced which enhance esthetics. With better treatment planning and patient’s psychological counseling, dentists can improve patient’s quality of life.
  - 3,699 419
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Evaluation of awareness among dentists about magnetic resonance imaging and their interactions with restorative dental materials: A survey among dentists in three districts of Tamilnadu
Chalakuzhiyl-Abraham Mathew, Sudhakara V Maller, Udita S Maller, M Maheshwaran, S Valarmathi, B Karrunakaran
January-June 2016, 3(1):6-9
DOI:10.4103/2229-3019.192471  
Introduction: Patients with dental restorations may require magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the head and neck, to assess the progress of diseases or to determine the cause of any subsequent symptoms, or for a purpose unrelated to the dental restorations. This may cause distortion of the images or the dislodgement of the prosthesis which thereby can cause injury to the adjacent tissues. Objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate the awareness among dentists in three districts of Tamilnadu, regarding the interaction between restorative dental materials and MRI. Material and Methods: A questionnaire was designed to obtain information about materials used by dentists in treating their patients and their effect on MRI and vice versa, and to determine the perceptions of respondent dental practitioners. The study population included all dentists in three districts of Tamilnadu, India (n = 354). Data were collected using a semistructured questionnaire on sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge and practice of dentists, materials they use for restoration, etc. The data was analyzed using SPSS. Results: The questionnaire was provided to 354 dentists and 101 (28%) responded. Out of them 49.5% dentists did not know the type of alloy their lab technician was using for fabrication of metal crowns and fixed partial dentures; 27% of dentists never used all ceramic crowns; 63.4% of dentists perceived that dental materials can produce artifact in MR, and among them 36.6% did not have any idea of how to prevent it. Conclusion: Continuing dental education programs about these interactions are required to improve the knowledge of dentists. The syllabus of dental course should include magnetic property of materials and its interactions with diagnostic procedures like MRI and CT.
  - 2,966 206
Position of hyoid bone in atypical deglutition –A pilot study
Ram Prakash Gnanam, Tamizharasi Senthil Kumar, K Prabakar, S Raja
January-June 2016, 3(1):10-13
DOI:10.4103/2229-3019.192472  
Introduction: Position of the hyoid bone is a key factor in diagnosis of atypical deglutition in children under 12 years of age. Objective: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the position of hyoid bone among the subjects with atypical deglutition between the age group of 15-30 years. Materials and Method: 30 lateral cephalograms of subjects with atypical deglutition were selected as group A and 30 lateral cephalograms with normal deglutition (control group) were selected as group B. Linear measurements (H-MP, H-T distance) were measured manually on the lateral cephalograms. Results: values were compared using Mann-Whitney U-test and a P-value <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. The average distance of the H-MP was 7.10 mm for the group B and 8.97 mm for the group A. The average distance of the H-T variable was -2.63 mm for group B and -5.30 mm for the group A. Conclusions: Although statistically insignificant, the distance of H-MP and H-T were found to be more in group A than in the control group. This study shows a much lower and posterior position of hyoid bone in atypical deglutition patients.
  - 2,110 169
Knowledge and attitude toward oral health practice among the parents in Riyadh city
Basim Almulhim, Bassam Alamro
January-June 2016, 3(1):14-16
DOI:10.4103/2229-3019.192473  
Introduction: Parents are directly responsible for the dental health of their offspring and can play an important role in preventing oral diseases in children. Parents and teachers are the significant persons that have a great influence on young people. Aim: To assess knowledge and attitude towards oral health practice among the parents. Materials and Methods: The study design was cross-sectional study involving 303 participants male and female from Saudi Arabia and another Arab nationality. Electronic Questionnaires were distributed through popular social media involving Twitter, Facebook and some direct and indirect messages through the email. Result: 85% of the parents agreed that primary teeth should receive the same care as the permanent teeth. Almost half of the participants reported that their children should start brushing in age less than one year. Majority of the participants (77%) had the right knowledge regarding the use of fluoride. The most common cleaning aid of the teeth is toothbrush. Conclusion: Majority of the parents in the study showed the right level of knowledge regarding use of fluoride; this was also reported in many other studies. A high percentage of this study and other studies show that the parents care for their childrens’ primary teeth similar to the care they would show to their permanent teeth.
  - 2,278 168